Sudan & South Sudan
The peaceful separation of Africa’s largest country into two new nations in 2011 – Sudan and South Sudan - was of monumental importance to the history of the continent. After years of conflict, the results of a popular referendum dictated that the country split into two.

While South Sudan’s independence on July 9, 2011, was widely celebrated, bilateral issues concerning citizenship, national borders, constitutions, oil wealth and debt sharing are still on the agenda for the two neighbours.

Recently though, authorities in the newly minted nation of South Sudan have also been in conflict with one another.

Media in Sudan / South Sudan: The Sudanese press has played a major role in Sudan’s politics since it first started over a century ago. However, since the independence of South Sudan in 2011, Sudan’s mass media has been facing both political and economic pressure. A number of newspapers were shut down by government authorities, others gave up for financial reasons. In addition, print media are threatened by the rapid growth of Internet usage. It is clear that journalists in Sudan and South Sudan not only benefit from professional training but that the media in general needs a way to become more sustainable and financially viable.

MiCT started working in what was previously northern and southern Sudan in 2008. Much of the work MiCT first did here centred on the 2010 general elections and the 2011 referendum on South Sudan's secession.
Over time, some of MiCT’s news gathering projects have become longer term and The Niles website now regularly produces independent reports and articles from around both countries.
Picture: Dominik Lehnert
Picture:Qusai Akoud
Picture: Usamah Mohammed / simsimt